By Thomas Benjamin
Chiapas, a nation in southern Mexico, burst into overseas information in January 1994. a number of thousand insurgents, given a voice within the communiques of Subcomandante Marcos, took regulate of the capital and different key cities and held the Mexican military and govt at bay for weeks. Proclaiming themselves the Zapatista military of nationwide Liberation, they captured either land and headlines. around the world, humans desired to understand the reply to 1 query: why had revolutionaries taken over a Mexican country? No different examine of Chiapas solutions that question as completely as does this publication. The rebellion and government's armed career of the kingdom are however the most modern violent episodes in a area that's now and has regularly been a wealthy land labored by way of terrible humans. through learning the impoverishment of the laboring category in Chiapas, Benjamin addresses how the Chiapan elite survived the Revolution of 1910 and stay in command of the state's improvement and future. extra in actual fact than a person else, Benjamin indicates in his new ultimate bankruptcy that the modern agrarian rebellion is the legacy of Chiapan underdevelopment.
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Additional resources for A Rich Land, a Poor People: Politics and Society in Modern Chiapas
22 Soon after taking office Rabasa established a state rural police force, the Seguridad PÃºblica, dependent on the governor, to reduce banditry, quiet political troublemakers, and enforce decrees in remote parts. 23 The governor replaced nearly everyone who had served in the Carrascosa administration and most departmental political officers, or jefes polÃ−ticos. 24 The system by which jefes polÃ−ticos were "elected" by citizens of the departments was revamped so that the officials became political appointees of the governor and served at his (and DÃ−az's) will.
39; Orozco y Berra, Apendice al diccionario universal, Vol. 3, pp. 31-32; PÃ©rez HernÃ¡ndez, EstadÃ−stica de la repÃºblica mejicana, p. 52; Busto, EstadÃ−stica de la repÃºblica mexicana, p. xviii; and Chiapas, Memoria que presenta el ciudadano Manuel Carrascosa. . (1889). Peonage found a friendly environment in the region, as Friedrich Katz notes: "The isolation of many southern regions, the lack of an industry which would have competed with the estate owners for scarce laborers, the strengthening of both hacienda police forces and the organs of the state made it extremely difficult for the peons to circumvent their owners.
31 Rabasa's encroachment into JuliÃ¡n Grajales's territory of Chiapa de Corzo was less spectacularly and definitively successful. For one reason, Grajales lived another ten years. Yet the mystique of dominion Grajales had cultivated over twenty years was shattered under Rabasa. The governor's appointment of individuals outside the Grajales camarilla to posts in the state and local governments brought cries of harassment from the old cacique. 34 Elsewhere in the state, the extension of the authority of the governor and state government had top priority as well.