By Sandra Raban
This can be the 1st finished learn of the 1279-80 hundred rolls, probably the most very important resources for later 13th century England. Raban places the rolls of their ancient context, appears to be like on the means within which the inquiry was once performed and questions even if it used to be conceived as a moment Domesday. according to the most recent wisdom of the returns, this may be an vital operating software for historians.
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Extra resources for A Second Domesday?: The Hundred Rolls of 1279-80
The Bordeaux archives were largely destroyed during the course of their evacuation to England at the beginning of the war with France in 1294. Failure to pay the sailors hired to transport them led to them being deposited with the Franciscans on the Isle of Oléron. 55 In consequence, historians are reliant either on letters emanating from the English chancery and entered on the Gascon rolls, or material originating in duplicates previously sent to London for information but which, in their turn, have now disappeared, leaving only limited transcripts.
C. Bémont (Paris, 1914), p. xlvi; Prestwich, Edward I, 72; Foedera, i /1. 481. 55 Gascon Register A, ed. G. P. Cuttino, 3 vols. (British Academy, London, 1975–6), i, pp. xii–xiii. 56 Many of the texts are abbreviated and corrupt. The transcriptions are only in approximate chronological and geographical order, being grouped according to the notary public who was responsible for drawing them up. Miscellaneous documents dating from earlier in the thirteenth century, and unconnected business belonging to 1273–4, also lie scattered among them.
Fees and tenements, and those of others, who holds them, to wit, demesne, villeins, serfs, cottars, then free tenants, woods, parks, chaces, warrens, riparian rights, fairs, markets, and any other tenures whatsoever, and held in whatever way and of whom, whether of mesne lords or of others, and from what fees and other tenures scutage was customarily given and is owed and how much from the fees of every honour, and who holds feudal rights, in what manner and of whom. So we wish that every vill, hamlet, and other tenure, in whatever name, be assessed separately and openly written in books to be delivered to us by you, in such a way that no one is spared and that everything about these things may be made clear to us and to others.