By Barbara Belyea
Anthony Henday, a tender Hudson’s Bay corporation worker, set out from York manufacturing unit in June 1754 to iciness with “trading Indians” alongside the Saskatchewan River. He tailored willingly and simply to their lifestyle; he additionally saved a magazine within which he defined the plains zone and took observe of rival French investors’ good fortune at their inland posts. a duplicate of Henday’s magazine used to be instantly despatched to the corporate administrators in London. They rewarded Henday handsomely even if they have been doubtful the place he had travelled, what teams he had met at the plains, and what luck he had in opposing rival French investors. considering that then, uncertainty approximately Henday’s 12 months inland has elevated. the unique magazine disappeared; simply 4 copies, relationship from 1755 to approximately 1782, are extant. every one textual content differs from the opposite 3; the variations variety from variation spellings to observe option to contradictory statements on very important questions. All 4 copies are the paintings of a firm clerk, later issue, named Andrew Graham, who used them to aid his personal perspectives on HBC buying and selling rules. Twentieth-century students have established their claims for Henday’s value as an explorer, dealer and observer of local cultures on a poorly edited transcript of the 1782 textual content. they've been unaware or careless of the journal’s textual ambiguity. A 12 months Inland provides all 4 copies for the 1st time, including contextual notes and a remark that reassesses the journal’s details on plains geography, humans and alternate.
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Additional resources for A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company Winterer
Stevens and Saywell, 1: xi-xii; The St Lawrence Survey Journals of Captain Henry Wolsey Bayfield, ed. McKenzie, ix-xii; The Journal of Alexander Henry the Younger, ed. Gough, xv-xviii; and Franklin’s Journals and Correspondence: The First Arctic Land Expedition, ed. Davis, cvii-cix. Williams’s editorial practice can be seen in his edition of Graham, 34 A Year Inland Obser vations on Hudson’s Bay: several states of Graham’s compilation have been conflated; spelling and punctuation have been modernized; paragraphing has been introduced.
The banks are rocky and very little woods. The land looks very barren. We have neither seen Fish nor Fowl yet, so We are scarce of provisions. 239/a/40 July ye 3d Wednesday fine weather wind att So took my Departure from tickamegg Reach and steered up ye other Branch or River NWt 12 miles, past 16 falls, where we was obliged to Carry our Canoes over them, there being nothing but Large Rocks, we past also 30 Islands on one of them grows small willows, pine & Birch, the banks on both sides are Low, on which grows Small pine trees and Brush, this day saw severall Craw fish,* and killed one Duck.
2/6 29 Saturdy fine weather, wind No took my departure from pine-Reach* and paddled up Steel River NWbWt 25 miles, this day passed 4 large falls, the banks are high, and tall woods on both sides the River, which is about 16 poles wide, and a strong current. * From YF to this pine reach was measured in the winter 1754 by Anthony Hendey, by which knowing the distance these 3 days past He computes the miles He goes of a day hereafter. 2/4 29. Saturday fine weather wind N. W. passed 4 large falls, the river about 16 poles wide, the banks high and tall woods.